UN Racial Discrimination Committee recommends inquiry into abuse in state care
Fri 01 Sep 2017
The United Nations Committee on the Elimination of Racial Discrimination has published its Concluding observations on the combined twenty-first ...
The United Nations Committee on the Elimination of Racial Discrimination has published its Concluding observations on the combined twenty-first and twenty-second periodic reports of New Zealand.
The Committee considered New Zealand’s reports at meetings held on 15 and 16 August 2017 (scroll down to 'New Zealand' for documents).
In its report (CERD/C/NZL/CO/21-22), the Committee commends the New Zealand Government for "Acknowledging that social inequities exist today between racial groups and the acceptance by the State party of responsibility to correct them." The Committee also welcomes recent efforts to establish policies, programmes and administrative measures to ensure further the protection of human rights and implementation of the Convention.
The Committee expresses concern about the lack of a current national action plan on racism and recommends that the Race Relations Commissioner play a leadership role in developing, in consultation with all stakeholders, a National Plan of Action Against Racial Discrimination and Xenophobia.
The Committee expresses alarm at "reports of the alleged abuse of children in foster care or state institutions that are alleged to have included physical, sexual and emotional abuse" focussed on a period of 40 years. It notes that the majority of children taken into state care over that time were Māori children. The Committee notes the Government has expressed its intention to compensate victims however is concerned that such an approach "will fail to expose the systemic problems that may have existed."
The Committee also expresses concerned that Māori children are still more likely to be placed in state care. It notes the recent amendments to the Oranga Tamariki Act 1989 (Children, Young Persons, and Their Families Legislation Act 2017) but concerns remain about among other things, the Government's recent proposal to send "young offenders" to a military style boot camp for a year.
The Committee recommends that the State party:
"(a) Immediately set up and empower an independent commission of inquiry into abuse of children and adults with disabilities in state care from 1950 until 1990, with the authority to determine redress, rehabilitation and reparations for victims, including an apology from the State party; and
(b) Take effective steps to reduce the number of Māori and Pasifika children in state care, including through effective and comprehensive application of the policy of "whanau first" placement for tamariki Māori."
Further information on New Zealand and the International Convention on the Elimination of all forms of Racial Discrimination is available from the Ministry of Justice.
Recent research and resources
Mirfin-Veitch, Brigit and Conder, Jenny. (2017) “Institutions are places of abuse”: The experiences of disabled children and adults in State care. Dunedin, New Zealand: Donald Beasley Institute and Human Rights Commission.
Stanley, E. (2016). The Road to Hell: State violence against children in postwar New Zealand. Auckland: Auckland University Press.
Currently, 61% of children in state care and 71% of youth justice admissions are Māori (Office of the Children's Commissioner, State of Care 2016).
Newshub carried out a special investigation into the abuse of children in state care and advocacy in the 1970s, Seen and not heard. After the demands of the Auckland Committee on Racism and Discrimination (ACORD) for an inquiry were not heeded, in partnership with Ngā Tamatoa and Aranui Inc they held their own inquiry in 1978.
Previous NZFVC news stories
Report documents abuses of children in state care, August 2015