Spotlight remains on legal profession's responses to harassment, abuse and assault

Thu 26 Apr 2018

The spotlight on the legal profession's responses to domestic violence, sexual harassment and assault has continued. Investigation of lawyer's ...

The spotlight on the legal profession's responses to domestic violence, sexual harassment and assault has continued.

Investigation of lawyer's comments about judge's decision in domestic violence case

Concerns have been raised about the New Zealand Law Society's National Standards Committee investigating lawyer Catriona MacLennan. The Committee is investigating comments made by Ms MacLennan about a District Court Judge's decision to discharge a man without conviction in a domestic violence case.

The Judge's comments included "There would be many people who would have done exactly what you did, even though it may be against the law to do so." Ms MacLennan criticised the comments and the sentence in the media.

After media coverage, Chief District Court Judge Jan Doogue said "... to the extent that the Judge may have expressed himself inappropriately in any event, I do not seek to defend his remarks. And I am sure on further reflection neither would he." The Judge's decision was ultimately appealed and overturned in the High Court.

In a Newsroom article, Ms MacLennan questions the decision to investigate her as a disciplinary matter, saying:

"Domestic violence victims, in particular, are almost never in a position to speak out about their experiences. As has been widely reported, Aotearoa has the highest reported rate of intimate partner violence in the developed world. Neither the law society nor anyone else will ever silence me about domestic violence - or about any of my other causes. If I have to choose between being a lawyer and freedom of speech, I will not hesitate to choose my freedom of speech."

New Zealand Law Society President Kathryn Beck issued a statement in response, saying in general comments on judicial decisions must be expressed in a "reasoned and objective manner." The Law Society also published a piece on the role of standards committees.

High Court barrister and solicitor Benedict Tompkins has written an open letter to the Law Society calling the decision to investigate Ms MacLennan "repugnant." He writes:

"By bringing to bear the coercive power of its disciplinary machinery, it [the Law Society] has stifled, or attempted to stifle, valuable comment on important issues, including domestic violence and the proper functioning of the criminal justice system. Such comment — and in particular comment by lawyers, who are uniquely qualified to pass it — is essential to the proper functioning of a liberal democracy."

In another piece responding to the investigation, Backbone Collective co-founder Deborah Mackenzie also expressed alarm. She noted the similarly punitive response the Backbone Collective has received after highlighting issues in the legal system, writing:

When we launched a year ago we believed that if we gave the people who work in the system feedback from service users they would receive that information enthusiastically – ready to make change to ensure the system is effective as possible. During 2017, the Backbone Collective surveyed hundreds of female domestic violence victims about their experiences in the Family Court. We found and publicly reported on a widespread culture of power, control, entitlement, intimidation, bullying and misogyny. … When we first publicly reported what women were telling us we were alarmed that both the judiciary and the New Zealand Law Society responded critically, in effect ‘shooting the messenger’.”

Newsroom journalists wrote an article, saying:

"The convention that judges should not be criticised because it undermines confidence in the rule of law has endured here and in many other countries. MacLennan’s predicament has re-ignited the debate over whether judges are held sufficiently accountable when there are questions around their competence, impartiality and equality of treatment. A long running Newsroom investigation into the Family Court found many incidents where comments made by its judges raised concerns about attitudes held by some of them"

Update: The Standards Committee of the NZ Law Society has decided to take no further action against Catriona MacLennan. 

Law Society response to sexual harassment and assault

Following widespread media coverage of sexual harassment and assault in the legal profession, the Law Society has stated it has begun activities to address harassment and bullying in the legal profession. It has also developed a Gender Equality Charter.

UpdateThe Law Society has published a report on a survey of more 3,500 lawyers in New Zealand, finding more than 30% of female lawyers have been sexually harassed during their work life.

Update: The newly created independent Working Group established by the Law Society and chaired by Dame Silvia Cartwright is seeking ideas on how the complaints regulatory framework could be improved. The New Zealand Law Society Regulatory Working Group is in the process of finalising its report, which identifies and proposes improvements to the legal profession's current regulatory framework, systems and processes. The final report is expected in December 2018.

Update: The Law Society has published the final Report of the New Zealand Law Society Working Group: To enable better reporting, prevention, detection, and support in respect of sexual harassment, bullying, discrimination and other inappropriate workplace behaviour within the legal profession (2018). The Law Society Board Board has accepted the recommendations from the report on improving the regulatory process for lawyers when unacceptable workplace behaviour occurs. 

Survey of legal practitioners finds harassment and bullying common

Also following the media coverage of sexual harassment and assault, the Criminal Bar Association of New Zealand surveyed their members about experiences of harassment and bullying. Findings from the Anonymous Survey about Harassment and Bullying in the Practice of the Criminal Law were published in March 2018.

More than 88% of criminal law professionals who completed the survey said they had personally experienced or witnessed harassment or bullying behaviour in the last four years. Participants reported that judges (65%) and colleagues/group of colleagues (44%) were most likely to harass or bully. This was followed by opposing counsel (33%) and clients (31%). More than 80% had not made an official complaint or report. Of those who formally complained, only 7% said the process resolved the issue.

Chief Justice Dame Sian Elias responded to the findings, saying:

“If proper standards are not observed, I encourage those who are affected or who have observed such behaviour to raise their concerns with the head of bench or with me or to make a complaint to the Independent Judicial Conduct Commissioner.”

The Law Society also stated:

"We are discussing the survey findings with the Criminal Bar Association. We note and endorse the comments made by the Chief Justice encouraging those who are affected or who observe such behavior to raise their concerns with the head of bench, with the Chief Justice, or to make a complaint to the Independent Judicial Conduct Commissioner. The New Zealand Law Society is also there to assist and support any lawyers who encounter problems.”

In an interview on Newshub, Parliamentary Under-Secretary to the Minister of Justice (Sexual and Domestic Violence Issues), Jan Logie said the survey results are "deeply worrying" and the Government is taking the issues seriously.

UpdateThe Wellington Women Lawyers’ Association (WWLA) has launched an online survey about sexual harassment in law firms and legal workplaces.

Background information

See our previous news story on Russell McVeagh, the legal profession, the #metoo movement and more: Sexual harassment and assault highlighted on International Women's Day. This includes updates and a list of media coverage.

Related news

Justice Minister Andrew Little has announced the Government will review the Family Court. Further details have not yet been published.

The Backbone Collective has published reports about women and children's experiences of the Family Court when trying to escape violence. 

Media has reported that police are protecting judges' homes from a group of fathers who are angry about Family Court decisions related to their cases. Justice Minister Andrew Little said the protests are "just wrong" and "very disturbing," saying there are other ways to appeal or voice disapproval.

Related reading

A recent book by law academics looked at legal decisions and court judgments through a feminist and mana wahine perspective. In Feminist Judgments of Aotearoa New Zealand (2017), the authors reinterpret and propose different outcomes. The book is the result of a project funded by the Law Foundation.

A recent Australian Parliamentary inquiry found the family law system can fail to support and protect people trying to escape violence.

Selected media

Nearly 900 complaints against judges in three years - judicial conduct report, NZ Herald, 21.08.2018

Report puts spotlight on bullying complaints against judges, Newstalk ZB, 20.08.2018

Justice Minister demands explanation of super-injunction hiding sexual harassment, Stuff, 03.08.2018

Legal profession must stop sexual harassment and bullying, Press Release: New Zealand Government, Scoop, 30.05.2018

Widespread harassment, bullying and racism identified within the law profession, Stuff, 30.05.2018

One in five NZ lawyers sexually harassed, Law Society survey finds, NZ Herald, 30.05.2018

One third of female lawyers sexually harassed at work - survey, Radio NZ, 30.05.2018

Lawyers' sexual harassment 'worst kept secret' for decades, former lawyer says, Stuff, 30.05.2018

Survey of sexual harassment in legal profession reveals 'concerning' issue, Stuff, 24.05.2018

NZ Law Society denies 'threatening' free speech over an investigation into lawyer who criticised domestic violence ruling, One News, 18.05.2018

Catriona MacLennan: The Law Society's heavy-handed action against me will mean no lawyer will ever again publicly criticise a judge, One News, 17.05.2018

Standards Committee issues decision: Catriona MacLennan, Press Release: New Zealand Law Society, Scoop, 15.05.2018

Informed debate on judicial decision making is good, Press Release: NZ Bar Association, Scoop, 15.05.2018

Resentenced for three assaults, Otago Daily Times, 08.05.2018

No further action taken against Auckland lawyer who criticised judge, Stuff, 15.05.2018

New Zealand judges need a lot more training in domestic violence law, says Lawyer facing Law Society hearing for her criticism, One News, 06.05.2018

Q+A: Lawyer Catriona MacLennan interviewed, Press Release: TVNZ, Scoop, 06.05.2018

Women lawyers blast Law Society inquiry, Newsroom, 04.05.2018

Outspoken #metoo lawyer barred from joining Law Society panel on misconduct, Stuff, 04.05.2018

Auckland Women Lawyers' group defends lawyer who questioned judge's domestic violence ruling, Stuff, 03.05.2018

Open letter to the Law Society in relation to investigation by National Standards Committee, Auckland Women Lawyers’ Association website, 03.05.2018

'I was very upset and angry that I had been violated', Radio NZ, 30.04.2018

Law Society working group to look into harassment in the legal profession, NZ Herald, 19.04.2018

NZ Herald editorial: Fathers' protests do themselves no good, NZ Herald, 18.04.2018

Lawyers are free to speak out against the judiciary, NZLS president says, NZ Herald, 17.04.2018

Protestors outside judges homes are being told there are other ways to have their voices heard, Newstalk ZB, 17.04.2018

Probe called 'repugnant': High court barrister calls for Law Society committee to be sacked, NZ Herald, 15.04.2018

Lawyer faces tribunal for criticising judge's comments, Newstalk ZB, 13.04.2018 

Judges worst offenders in law harassment survey, Radio NZ, 25.03.2018

Survey reveals shocking extent of harassment and bullying in NZ legal profession, Newshub, 24.03.2018

The Nation: #MeToo Interview panel, Press Release: The Nation, Scoop, 24.03.2018

Survey reveals 'high level' of harassment and bullying in the legal workplace, NZ Herald, 23.03.2018

Related media

Uni to open sex assault support centre, Otago Daily Times, 20.04.2018

Raped woman offers forgiveness to attacker; draws attention to trauma of justice system, Nelson Mail, 19.04.2018

Criminal Bar Association's concern at police handling of teacher prosecution, NZ Herald, 09.04.2018

Advocates urge for sexual assault to be taken seriously, Newstalk ZB, 06.04.2018

NZ feminist judgement volume launched, Otago Daily Times, 09.12.2017

Feminist judgment project reworking 25 decisions, NZ Law Society news, 16.05.2017

Feminist judges, Radio NZ, 22.02.2016

Image: Pixabay

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